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Unformatted text preview: 60’s soul Era of governmental changes and politics Motown & Berry Gordy • “Hitsville USA” • First African-American owned record label to successfully sell black music to white America • Motown avoided controversial subjects, not the typical statement making black music • The Funk Brothers – house band who played on hundreds of Motown songs creating the “Motown sound” • Groomed artists into polished professionals o Cholly Atkins, choreographer o Maxine Powell, finishing/modeling school o Maurice King, music director • Artists: Smokey Robinson & the Miracles, Temptations, Supremes, Stevie Wonder, Four Tops, Marvin Gaye (all accompanied by Motown) • Most famous/successful band on the Motown label were the Supremes Supremes • “Where Did Our Love Go” • Florence Ballard, Mary Wilson, Diana Ross • Written by Holland/Dozier/Holland (they usually got first dibs on best songs written by the song writing teams/staff writers at Motown, lots of competition between musicians at Motown to get their songs) • Biggest act in mid-60s for Midtown • Ross went on to a successful solo & film career Aretha Franklin • “Respect” Queen of Soul’s only #1 hit • Fusion of gospel and R&B • Father was Rev. Clarence L. Franklin (prominent Detroit pastor), surrounded by strong gospel singers and role models • Written and originally recorded by Otis Redding • John Hammond signed her to Columbia, but career took off when signed with Atlantic Records (Jerry Wexier, producer) James Brown • “I Got You (I Feel Good)” • The “Godfather of Soul” • Innovator of funk music, horn section stabs and loud, intricate, repetitive rhythm section parts • Stage show influenced many later artists including Prince and Michael Jackson Otis Redding • “Sittin’ On the Dock of the Bay” • Posthumous hit was hit only #1 on pop charts • Began singing in church, recorded for Stax Records, Memphis • Back up band, Booker T. & the MGs, were one on the first racially integrated soul bands, created sensation at Monterey Pop Festival • Died in a plane crash at 27 (Dec 10, 1967) February 16, 2007 The British Invasion 1963-jfk killed, politics mid-1960’s riots, turmoil, troubled time in the country made far away places more likeable Part 1: The Beatles Rock music in the early 60s: Fragmentation • Elvis Presley – back from the army, making records and films • Doo-wap and girl groups • Teen idols and dance crazes like the twist • Surf music, folk revival The Beatles • John Lennon – guitar, vocals, etc • Paul McCartney – bass, vocals, etc • George Harrison – electric guitar, vocals, etc...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course MUSL 100 taught by Professor Gunderman during the Spring '08 term at Vanderbilt.
- Spring '08