rev.qu.2a - Fall, 2011 Chinese 252 Review Questions, Series...

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Unformatted text preview: Fall, 2011 Chinese 252 Review Questions, Series 2, Part A 1. In which period were the states into which ancient China divided more numerous, the Spring and Autumn period or the Warring States period? (Spring and Autumn) 2. In the Warring States period, what state was the first to start putting legalist principles into practice? (Qin) 3. What dynasty is said to have come to an end soon after its last king started setting fire to signal pyres on a mountain outside the capital? (Zhou) 4. What major state split into three smaller states at the beginning of the Warring States era? (Jin) 5. What ruler did Guăn Zhòng serve as prime minister? (Qi Huan Gong) 6. What prompted Kŏngzĭ to +say “Fierce government is worse than tigers? (one day he saw a person crying that his family got eaten by tiger, so kong zi said, why don’t you move into the city, then the village person said, because the cities have all those restrictions, rents and taxes, and laws set up by the government) 7. After Bì Yù Ràng had tried twice to assassinate the Zhào Xiāngzĭ, the latter allowed him to take symbolic revenge before taking his own life. What was this symbolic revenge? (stabbing a cloak) 8. Why did Sūn Bīn become a deadly enemy of Páng Juān, though the two had once been close friends and fellow students? (Pang was jealous of Sun, removed his knee caps and printed him on a criminal charge. Sun Bin was helping Zhao in the Wey Zhao war, Pang Juan was sided with Wey.) 9. In Mèngzĭ there is a story about a mountain that once had been covered with lush vegetation, but later became bare and ugly due to the incessant activities of woodcutters, cattle-herders, and other plunderers. What is the point of the story? (people was born with a kind heart, but if we don’t properly maintain and taking care of it, it will be tainted with immorality and it will be gone) 10. Who attracted the attention of Guăn Zhòng and then of Qí Huán-gōng by tapping the horns of his ox and singing a song, parts of which went, “South Mount glistens, / South Rock glitters,… / Never have I seen a Yáo yield to Shùn, … / The long night stretches long, / When will it dawn?” (Ning Qi) 11. What mythical Chinese ruler is said to have served his parents devotedly, even though they tried on two occasions to kill him? (Shun) 12. With what school of philosophy are the writings of Zhuāngzĭ associated? (Daoism) 13. Who is quoted in several places as saying, “I am not distressed at the failure of others to know me; I am distressed only at my own failure to know others?” (kong zi) 14. What were the “three burrows” that Féng Xuān prepared for Mèngcháng Jūn ? (the first is the trust from xue people, second, a secure job from ruler of qi, third, having ancestral temple built at mengchang jun’s land xue so the king would send troops to protect the surrounding temple and thus the land) 15. Chŭ was: a) south of Zhèng ; b) west of Zhèng; c) north of Zhèng; d) east of Zhèng 16. Which was earlier, the Spring and Autumn period or the Warring States period? (16....
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This note was uploaded on 01/24/2012 for the course ENG 101 taught by Professor Richey during the Spring '08 term at N. Colorado.

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rev.qu.2a - Fall, 2011 Chinese 252 Review Questions, Series...

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