Bic Wa Chan Jon Li Ujjval Patel Sara Vojta The AbioCor Artificial Heart ECE 317, Fall 2007 The human heart is the equivalent of a car engine; it keeps everything running. In a day, your heart pumps approximately 2,000 gallons of blood. Like any engine, if the heart is not well taken care of it can break down and pump less efficiently. This condition is called heart failure. In the United States, heart failure is associated with an annual mortality of 10% and is the leading cause of hospitalized people over the age of 65. Unlike a car engine, the procedure to replace a problematic human heart is not a guaranteed success. Finding a donor heart is very difficult because it must come from a person that recently died or is on life support, which is different from other organs such as kidneys. Timing is also very important, because there is no good way to keep the donor heart alive for long periods of time. Fortunately, there have been advances in medical technology to meet the growing demand for
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