Chapter 9 Natural Convection Chapter 9 NATURAL CONVECTION Physical Mechanisms of Natural Convection 9-1C Natural convection is the mode of heat transfer that occurs between a solid and a fluid which moves under the influence of natural means. Natural convection differs from forced convection in that fluid motion in natural convection is caused by natural effects such as buoyancy. 9-2C The convection heat transfer coefficient is usually higher in forced convection because of the higher fluid velocities involved. 9-3C The hot boiled egg in a spacecraft will cool faster when the spacecraft is on the ground since there is no gravity in space, and thus there will be no natural convection currents which is due to the buoyancy force. 9-4C The upward force exerted by a fluid on a body completely or partially immersed in it is called the buoyancy or “lifting” force. The buoyancy force is proportional to the density of the medium. Therefore, the buoyancy force is the largest in mercury, followed by in water, air, and the evacuated chamber. Note
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