Chapter 9 Natural Convection9-28Absorber plates whose back side is heavily insulated is placed horizontally outdoors. Solar radiation is incident on the plate. The equilibrium temperature of the plate is to be determined for two cases. Assumptions1Steady operating conditions exist. 2Air is an ideal gas with constant properties. 3 The local atmospheric pressure is 1 atm. PropertiesThe properties of air at 1 atm and the anticipated film temperature of (Ts+T∞)/2 = (115+25)/2 = 70°C are (Table A-15) Insulation Air T∞= 25°C Absorber plate αs= 0.87 ε= 0.09 700 W/m2 L = 1.2 m 1-25K002915.0K)27370(117177.0Pr/sm10995.1CW/m.02881.0=+===×=°=−fTkβυAnalysisThe solution of this problem requires a trial-and-error approach since the determination of the Rayleigh number and thus the Nusselt number depends on the surface temperature which is unknown. We start the solution process by “guessing” the surface temperature to be 115°C for the evaluation of the properties and h. We will check the accuracy of this guess later and repeat the calculations if necessary.
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This note was uploaded on 01/24/2012 for the course PHY 4803 taught by Professor Dr.danielarenas during the Fall '10 term at UNF.