1DNA Structure and Replication•Mendelian Genetics•Discovery of DNA as the Genetic Material•DNA Structure Elucidation and Details•DNA Replication Process•DNA Repair MechanismsK. SathasivanBasic TermsDNAGenes/allelesLocusChromosomeGenotypeG-A-T-CC-T-A-GmRNArRNA/ tRNAProteinAB,ab, AbGametesDiploidcells/tissue/organismPhenotypeRandomfertilizationRecombination,Segregation andindependentassortment(brown eye,pink flower,sickle cell)MeiosisMitosisLaw of Segregation•Allele pairs segregate during gamete formation and the paired condition is restored during fertilization. Figure 14.1 A genetic crossMendel tracked heritable characters for three generationsMendel’s law of segregation
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