Study Guide for 3rd Test - Study Guide for 3rd Test 1....

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Study Guide for 3 rd Test 1. Assassination of President Kennedy – on November 22, 1963 in Dallas, Texas, JFK was shot twice in the throat and head and died almost immediately. Shot by Lee Harvey Oswald, but he was murdered by Jack Ruby while being transported to a new jailing facility in the stomach. There was a commission to investigate the murder of JFK and they concluded that Oswald acted alone and was not a part of a conspiracy. 2. Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, KS – May 17, 1954, Supreme Court (Warren Court) overturned Plessy vs. Ferguson and declared that “in the field of public education the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place.” Stated violated the Equal Protection Clause of the 14 th Amendment. Major victory for the way to integration. 3. Montgomery Bus Boycotts – on December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat at the front of the bus for a white man. Blacks began boycotting the bus system as they carpooled, hitchhiked, and walked to get to work or for errands. Boycott lasted for months. In 1956 the Supreme Court ruled that the “separate but equal doctrine can no longer be safely followed as a correct statement of the law.” The day following the ruling the blacks boarded the buses as normal. After the boycotts, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference was begun. Martin Luther King Jr. rose to popularity following the boycotts and was the champion of peaceful protesting. 4. Integration of Central High School, Little Rock, AR - Arkansas governor Faubus called National Guard to prevent 9 African American students from entering Little Rock’s Central High School under a federal court order. Eisenhower ordered 1,000 paratroopers to Little Rock to protect black students. Placed National Guard on guard throughout the year. Faubus closed the school rather than allow integration 5. Sit-Ins, SNCC – first major sit-in occurred at Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro, NC on February 1, 1960. Black students sat down at the all white counter and demanded service. Sparked sit-ins across the southern states, but
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This note was uploaded on 01/24/2012 for the course HIST 2112 taught by Professor Flemming during the Summer '08 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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Study Guide for 3rd Test - Study Guide for 3rd Test 1....

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