Study Guide for History 2112

Study Guide for History 2112 - Study Guide for History 2112...

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Study Guide for History 2112 Lincoln’s Ten Percent Plan o Any confederate state could look in census and if 10% of 21+ white male voters took a loyalty oath denouncing their contribution to succession could readmit into the Union following the Civil War Wade – Davis Bill o Similar to Lincoln’s 10% plan o ½ of census 21+ white males must take loyalty oath to be readmitted into the Union o Any officer (political or military) that took office during the Civil War for the Confederate States must be disfranchised Reconstruction Amendments o 13 th Amendment (1865) Abolished slavery and had to be ratified in order for the confederate states to regain admission into the union o 14 th Amendment (1868) Citizenship rights granted o 15 th Amendment (1870) Voting rights defined by race but not gender Black Males 21+ could vote Black Codes (1865) o Restricted freedom of released slaves o Forced into working for ex-masters for low wages (mirrored slavery) o Could not sit on juries o Limited education Military Reconstruction Act of 1867 o 10 states divided into 5 military zones with supervised troops o vetoed and overturned o Lost state governments New state governments enforced Abolished Black Codes Ratify 14 th Amendment Tenure of Office Act o Vetoed and Overturned o President must get confirmation from Senate and could not fire cabinet members without the consent of the Senate (must retire or die in office) Impeachment of President Johnson o Johnson violated the Tenure of Office Act when he fired Secretary of War Edwin Stanton o Charged with nine counts against his impeachment o Impeached but not removed from office o Charges where determined by the House with a majority o The Trial took place in the Senate and convicted with 2/3 vote majority
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o Edmund Ross acquitted Johnson and allowed him to stay in office Enforcement Acts/Ku Klux Klan (1870-1871) o Ku Klux Klan Act – terrorism is a federal crime with more prosecutions Had permission to use troops against KKK leaders o Election of Congress under regulation of federal supervisors o Penalties issued to interferers of citizens right to vote Exodusters Custer’s Last Stand/Battle of Little Big Horn Compromise of 1877 o Removal of all troops from south which allowed Democrats to take over government o White Southerner to be elected as Postmaster General o Federal money appropriated for internal improvement projects “Jim Crow” laws (1880s-1960s) o Segregation laws used against blacks by white southerner elitists o Pre-limited segregation to begin with (schools, churches) o The use of railroad cars brought into perspective the close proximity in
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This note was uploaded on 01/24/2012 for the course HIST 2112 taught by Professor Flemming during the Summer '08 term at Georgia Tech.

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Study Guide for History 2112 - Study Guide for History 2112...

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