Study Guide for History Test 2

Study Guide for History Test 2 - Study Guide for History...

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Study Guide for History Test 2 Lusitania- A passenger ship traveling from New York to Liverpool that was torpedoed and sank by a German U Boat. Germans claimed that the ship was armed, but it wasn’t. Arabic- British ship bound for New York that was sunk. Germans claimed that they will not sink liners without warning and without safety of the lives of non- combatants. Zimmermann Telegraph- Aurther Zimmerman, former German Secretary, sent a telegram to his ambassador in Mexico. The telegram was intercepted by the British. The note said to offer alliance and financial aid to Mexico in case of a war with the U.S. Espionage and Sedition Acts- Outlawed criticism of government leaders and war policies. War Industries Board- The WIB allocated raw materials, told manufacturers what to produced, ordered construction of new plants, and could actually fix prices, with presidential approval. Bernard Baruch headed the board, so he basically had a dictatorship over the whole economy. Food Administration- Headed by Herbert Hoover, it introduced the country to daylight savings time and “heatless Mondays” to save fuel. Hoover sought to raise crop production while reducing civilian use of foodstuffs. National War Labor Board- Agency created by Wilson and Taft was the head. It settled disputes between workers and employers. They provided help to many low income workers. This board spurred a raise in Union workers. Committee on Public Information- Established by Woodrow Wilson, it was formed to influence U.S. public opinion regarding American intervention in WWI via the Propaganda campaign. George Creel headed the organization. Spanish flu Epidemic- A flu outbreak that spread to nearly every part of the world. App. one third of the population became infected. It died shortly after the “second wave” hit. Fourteen Points/Treaty of Versailles- Three major goals. Keep Russia in the war. Reassure the Allied peoples that they were involved in a noble cause. Separate central government power and their people by offering peace. League of Nations- Government organization that upheld the Rights of Man, settled disputes between countries, and improved global quality of life.
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Red Scare (1919-1921)- Forty bombs were intercepted by the U.S. Postal Service, but one blew up in a Georgia Senator’s maid’s hand and one blew up in an Attorney General’s house. In September of 1920, a bomb blew up in New York and killed 38 people. This time period left restrictions on immigration and the continuing crusade for 100% Americanism as its legacy. Emergency Immigration Act of 1921-Restricted European arrivals each year to 3% of the foreign- born of any nationality. National Origins Act of 1924- Lowered the quota to 2% Sacco and Vanzetti- Two Italian anarchists that were arrested for robbery in Massachusetts. It is a nativist prejudice case because the men served longer because of their political beliefs and ethnic origins. Second Ku Klux Klan-Devoted 100% to Americanism. Members had to be native-
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Study Guide for History Test 2 - Study Guide for History...

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