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chapter 23 and 24 - Chapter 23 An American Empire Europe...

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Chapter 23: An American Empire - Europe – Imperialism in Asia and Africa - Alfred Thayer Mahan – The Influence of Sea Power Upon History o National greatness and prosperity flowed from sea power - US had special interest in Caribbean - John Fiske – Social Darwinism – Anglo-Saxon institutions - Josiah Strong – religious reasons for imperialism Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis - 1867: Alaska bought from Russia - Andrew Johnson’s Sec. of State William H. Seward – expansionist - Samoa and Hawaii (1875 Trade Agreement: sugar entered US duty-free, Pearl Harbor) o 1887 Constitutional gov’t controlled by Americans o Queen Liliuokalani/McKinley tariff white population revolted and seized power in 1893 o American-dominated gov’t annexed Hawaii to US - President Cleveland refused to recognize annexation and tried to restore the Queen - President McKinley (1897) – annexed Hawaii in 1898 - 1898/1899 – outrage over another country’s imperialism sparked US’s imperialism - “Cuba Libre” – US traded more with Cuba than they did with Spain (sugar/mining) - Yellow Journalism – raise sympathy for rebel Cubans (independents) - “Maine” sunk in Hawaii Harbor – sparked war with Spain - Spain did not sink the Maine - Spain did not want to go to war with the US – US’ public frenzy was too big of a momentum for President McKinley to stop (or so he thought) - Spanish-American War – lasted 114 days. o Manila Bay won by US with Filipino insurrectionists under Emilio Aguinaldo o Rough Riders (led by Roosevelt) blockaded Spanish fleet at Santiago o Large American force at San Juan Hills o After these things, Spain sued for Peace o Ended Spain’s once-great
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