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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 7/9/09- Prohibition: began Jan. 1920 (18 th Amendment) only amendment that would later be repealed by another) ended Dec. 1933 (21 st Amendment)- Volstead Act: defined something as alcoholic if over 1 proof o Prohibition Bureau o Procurement: 1. Alcohol sent from Canada to sea on ships and gangsters would take own ships to meet them and take it back to NJ, NY, etc. o Coast guards were bought/bribed because alcohol was so lucrative o Procurement: 2. turn rubbing alcohol into drinking alcohol (no safe, 10 ppl died per/week) o Procurement: 3 (most popular) breweries either closed doors or switched to root beer. OR sold the brewery to the gangsters who bribed majors. Torrio/Capone[southside gang] start buying breweries. - Organized Crime: before this there was some and it was mainly immigrants in cities (NY, Chicago, N. Philadelphia) and it was a small problem (the brothels, drugs and racketeering gangs). However, after Prohibition, it was a big problem. - Chicago: Crime Boss: Big Jim Colosimo. Right hand man was John Torrio (encouraged Colosimo to bootleg in the whole city) and brought in Al Capone to kill Colosimo later. - Capone: had dropped out of 6 th grade, realized he would live in poverty his whole life if he didnt do anything to change it o At the Harper Inn in Brooklyn Brothel got his scar Scarface o By age 19 he had murdered 2 people but gangsters didnt rat him out to police o Eventually kills/has Colosimo killed- Speakeasies: password to get in, NY alone had 10,000 at one point. By 1922, bootlegging got so out of control when a conference was held and gangsters split up the US into territories and make code of ethics. Irony was that there was no code of ethics amongst gangsters. Gets really out of hand. Chicago became poster child for what went wrong. - Irish[northside]: headed by Dion OBannion and George Bugs Moran- Torrio went to jail over brewery that Irish sold to him- Dion got killed, Torro got shot at 5x but survived and then went to Italy- 1926-1930: Capone got $1M as he was pretty much the only one still around- Capone organized St. Valentines Massacre of 1929 to get rid Northside (planned Capone organized St....
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