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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 18: Reconstruction: North and South- Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction: Confederate state could form a union government if 10% of 1860 voters took an oath of allegiance to the Constitution and Union and received a Presidential pardon o Exclusions: civil, diplomatic, high military officers, etc. who had left their Federal posts and those accused of failure to threat captured black soldiers and their officers as POWs- Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana did this, but Congress did not recognize them because they were unclear about who had the authority to do this- Radical Republicans – freed slaves should be citizens o Wanted majority of white male southern citizens to declare their allegiance to the union (ironclad o Wanted Congress to oversee Reconstruction o Wade-Davis Bill: in contrast to Lincoln’s 10% rule, wanted a majority of white male citizens to declare their allegiance and that only those who swore an “ironclad” oath that they had always remained loyal to the Union could vote or serve in the state constitutional conventions. The conventions, moreover, would have to abolish slavery, deny political rights to high-ranking civil and military officers of the Confederacy, and repudiate Confederate war debts. Did not go through because of Lincoln’s pocket veto- April 14, Lincoln shot by James Wilkes Booth (later shot in a barn)- VP Andrew Johnson of Tennessee took over (vindictive towards his native South) o Pro-slavery but anti-planter elite o Adherence to the Constitution and a fervent belief in limited government led to his loyalty to the Union o New Proclamation of Amnesty May 29 th (closely resembled Lincoln’s) – 13,000 pardons o Native Unionist provisional governors in new states with the authority to call a convention of men elected by loyal voters o Conventions called upon to invalidate the secession ordinances, abolish slavery, and repudiate all debts incurred to aid the Confederacy o Endorsed limited voting rights for Blacks o Congress met in December of 1865 for the 1 st time since the end of the war State governments in former confederacy had same people...
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This note was uploaded on 01/24/2012 for the course HIST 2112 taught by Professor Flemming during the Summer '08 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.
- Summer '08