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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 21: The Emergence of Urban America- by 1920, ½ population lived in urban areas- move to cities was greater than move to West (much of this was an urban move too)- industrial explosion powered the growth of new cities- vertically: heating (steam circulating through pipes/radiators not fireplaces), electric elevator, cast iron/steel frame construction skyscraper- horizontally: b/f 1890s transport: animals/steam and after there were electric trolleys and subways- “streetcar suburbs” – commuters (sprawl)- People very packed into the cities (unhealthy and dangerous)- Politically: need for central coordination of city-wide services i.e. public transportation, sanitation and utilities urban political machines (bosses)- “sanitary reformers” – clean up animal waste, etc. trash-collection services- “night soil” – from outhouses to agriculture- Immigration increased with Industrial Revolution (30% of major city populations foreign born in 1900) o Pulled by opportunities more than pushed by home country conditions o Before 1880 – from Northern/Western Europe o 1880s: Southern/Western Europe (70% by 1910) Italians, Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, Poles, Croats, Russians, Romanians, and Greeks (Judaism and Catholicism)- Ellis Island- Easy subjects for exploitation (couldn’t speak English)- Nativism – restriction vetoed however by Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson, but Congress overrode Wilson’s veto...
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- Summer '08
- The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, McKinley Tariff Act, urban political machines, Sherman Silver Purchase Act, Populist Party p.