Chapter 3 Liberal Theories

Chapter 3 Liberal Theories - Chapter 3 Liberal Theories The...

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The Waning of War Surprisingly, this time period least warlike ever because of fewer casualties Liberal Theories Liberal theorists view IR as slowly, incrementally evolving through time and becoming more and more peaceful. Mainly because gradual buildup of international organizations and mutual cooperation (reciprocity) and secondarily from changes in norms and public opinion (identity). Kant and Peace German Philosopher: 1) Based on reciprocity principle, states could develop the organizations and rules to facilitate cooperation. 2) Peace depends on the internal character of governments. Democracies do not fight each other is the basis of democratic peace theory 3) Trade promotes peace, relies on presumption that trade increases wealth, cooperation, and global well-being, while making conflict less likely in the long term because governments did not want to disrupt wealth of state. Liberal Institutionalism Treat rational-actors as capable of forgoing short-term individual interests in order to further the long-term well-being of a community to which they belong. Realists:: war and violence appear rational bc short-term advancements. Liberal:: war and violence irrational bc harm long-term interests of warring states. Neoliberal approach: concedes to realism several important assumptions – states are unitary actors rationally pursuing their self-interests in a system of anarchy. States can create mutual rules, expectations, and institutions to promote behavior that enhances the possibilities for mutual gain. International Political Economy – cooperation benefit through trade by following norms International Regimes International Regime: set of rules, norms, and procedures around which the expectations of actors converge in a certain issue area. Where participants in the international system have similar ideas about what rules will govern their mutual participation. Regimes do not play role in issues in which states can realize their interests directly through unilateral applications of leverage. Regimes open up new possibilities with more favorable cost-benefit ratios. Known as intervening variables between casual forces at work in IR and outcomes such as international cooperation. Hegemony is crucial in establishing regimes, but not crucial in maintaining them. Collective Security Collective Security: formation of a broad alliance of most major actors in an international system for the purpose of jointly opposing aggression by any actor. Federation: majority of states could unite to punish any state that committed aggression, safeguarding the collective interests of all the nations while protecting the self- determination of small nations that all to easily become pawns to the great powers. Success of collective security: members must keep alliance commitments to group and
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This note was uploaded on 01/24/2012 for the course INTA 1110 taught by Professor Tba during the Spring '08 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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Chapter 3 Liberal Theories - Chapter 3 Liberal Theories The...

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