{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Chapter 4 Social Theories

Chapter 4 Social Theories - Chapter 4 Social Theories...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 4 Social Theories Constructivism Social Theories: rely on social interaction to explain individuals’ and states’ preferences. Contrast with assumption of fixed preferences in theories based on realism and individualism Constructivism : lessons about the nature of norms, identity and social interactions Identities and Ideals Matter Constructivism interested in definition of national interests, threats to interest, relationships to one another, “popularity” among other states a) examines how states’ interests and identities are intertwined, shaped Socialization: over time, states conceptualize in way no danger of security dilemma Realists believe in logic of consequence and constructivist scholars believe in logic of appropriateness Developing states chose to spend limited resources on certain projects to appear “modern” to the international community Postmodernism Postmodernism: broad approach to scholarship that has left its mark on various academic disciplines, esp. literature No single objective reality but a multiplicity of experiences and perspectives that defy easy categorization See nothing objective about state interests Seek to “deconstruct” such constructions as states, the international system, associated stories and arguments. Subtext: the hidden meaning not explicitly addressed in the text (omissions) Marxism Theory that both IR and domestic policies arise from unequal relationships between economic classes. Marxism: branch of socialism, where more powerful classes oppress and exploit less powerful by denying them their fair share of surplus they create. Class struggle: oppressed try to gain power to seize more wealth Lenin (founder of the Soviet Union): revolution in state unlikely. Argued that European
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern