Chapter 5 International Conflict

Chapter 5 International Conflict - Chapter 5 International...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 5 International Conflict * The Wars of the World – remaining wars and explain causes of international conflict * All 13 are in global South Types of War * Hegemonic war: war over control over the entire world order (the rules of the international system as a whole) * Last was WW2 because of power of modern weaponry most likely would destroy civilization * Total War: one state trying to conquer and occupy another. * Goal: reach capital and force government to surrender, and then replace with choice * Began with Napoleonic Wars => evolved with industrialization * Limited War: military actions carried out to gain some objective short of the surrender and occupation of the enemy * Raids: limited wars that consist of a single action. - Gray area between war and nonwar because destruction is limited and quick * Low-intensity conflict: repeated raids or fuels of a cycle of retaliation * Civil War: war between factions within a state to create or prevent a new government for the entire state or some territorial part of it * Guerrilla War: warfare without front lines. - Hidden amongst civilian populations - Not to directly confront enemy, but to harass and limit operation * War suspends basic norms or behavior and traumatizes participants an bystanders * Difficult transition from war to peace: postwar reconciliation, conflict resolution, transnational governments representing opposing factions, economic reconstruction * Truth Commissions: hear testimony of the period, to bring light to what really happened in exchange to offer most participants asylum from punishment. Causes of War * Conflict in IR: armed conflict where bargaining takes place * Conflict bargaining: develop capabilities that give them leverage to obtain more favorable outcomes than normal * The Individual Level: center on rationality - Realism Theory: violence is normal and reflects rational decisions of leaders - Opposite Theory: war arrives from deviations from rationality in decision- making process of national leaders - Related Theory: education and mentality of population determine whether conflict becomes violent * The Domestic Level: attention to characteristics of states and societies that may make them more/less prone to use violence in resolving conflicts - Industrialized vs. Agriculture communities - Capitalist vs. Communists - Domestic political factors affect outlook * The Interstate Level: explains war in terms of power relations among major actors in IS
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
- Power Transition Theory: conflicts generate large wars at times when power is relatively equally distributed and rising power is threatening to overtake declining hegemon. - Statistical Perspective: analyzing data on types of war and circumstances * Global Level: multiple theories proposed - Cyclical: variations that war in the international system - Long economic waves: large wars linked together in the world economy over about 50 years - Theory: links largest wars with a 100-year cycle based on creation and decay of world orders
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 6

Chapter 5 International Conflict - Chapter 5 International...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online