Chapter 6 - Chapter 6: Military Force and Terrorism *...

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Chapter 6: Military Force and Terrorism * Conventional Forces -State leaders apply leverage to influence outcomes of conflict * Nonviolent: foreign aid, economic sanctions, personal diplomacy * Violent: army marches, suicide bombers, missiles - Military force slowly declining in relation to nonmilitary means - Security dilemma => devote large resources to military capabilities - Purposes of military development: * Deter attack by having means to retaliate * Compel states to behave in certain ways, through threats * Humanitarian assistance after disasters * Peacekeeping * Surveillance of drug trafficking * Repression of domestic political dissent - Great Powers together: 2/3 world military spending * Types of Forces - Most wars involve struggle to Control Territory - Military: to take, hold, defend territory * Armies - forces with armed foot soldiers that occupy a territory militarily - Infantry: foot soldiers with assault rifles and light weapons - Artillery: most destructive - Armor: tanks, armored vehicles - Counterinsurgency: an effort to combat guerrilla armies, often including programs to “win the hearts and minds” of rural populations so that they stop sheltering guerrillas * Most complex: military strategy and political gains - Land mines: small, cheap containers of explosives with a trigger activated by contact or sensor * Conference to ban land mines from use in 1997 * 2007: 40 million destroyed, 80 countries eliminating stockpiles * Navies - Control passages through the seas and attack land near coastlines, sealift logistical support - Blockade empty ports - 2008: faced mission to deter piracy from major shipping waters - Challenge: size of ocean, ships cant be everywhere - Power projection: aircraft carriers: mobile platforms for attack aircraft * Very expensive and only 9 countries possess one (small) - Surface Ships: rely on guided missiles, game of radar surveillance and electronic countermeasures - Marines (part of NAVY) move to battle in ships, but fight on land (amphibious warfare) * Air Forces - Strategic bombing of land or sea targets, “close air support”, interception of other aircraft, reconnaissance, airlift of supplies, weapons, and troops - Aerial bombing: great destruction, no discrimination: smart bombs = more accurate
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- Very expensive bc of increasing sophistication of electronic equipment and high- performance requirements of attack aircraft - Key to success of ground operations, especially in open terrain * Logistics and Intelligence - Fuel, food, ordnance (weapons and ammunition) - Global-reach capabilities: long-distance support with various power-projection forces * Allow great powers to project military power to distant corners of the world and maintain military presence in most of world’s regimes simultaneously * Only United States: worldwide alliances, air and naval bases, troops stationed overseas - Space forces: attack from outer space * Development of space weapons deterred by technical challenges and expense of
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This note was uploaded on 01/24/2012 for the course INTA 1110 taught by Professor Tba during the Spring '08 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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Chapter 6 - Chapter 6: Military Force and Terrorism *...

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