Chapter 7 - Chapter 7: International Organization, Law, and...

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Chapter 7: International Organization, Law, and Human Rights * Roles of International Organizations - states work with others for mutual gain and take advantage of each other only “at the margin” - International Norms: expectations actors hold about normal international relations - Morality = element of power, drawing on principle of identity - Kant = natural for autonomous individuals to cooperate for mutual benefit because could see pursuing individual interests would end up hurting all - Norms of behavior become habitual over time and gain legitimacy - Power of standards of morality differs by country, factor for misunderstanding - International Organizations (IOs): include intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) (UN) and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) (Red Cross) - create incentives to reciprocate behavior encouraged by norm and constrain behavior of powerful states through rules that govern behavior - IGOs promote national interests of member states, not vague ideals - Global IGOs: coordinate actions of some set of states around the world - NGOs: more specialized (religious groups) * The United Nations - limited by state sovereignty * The UN System - 60 years old * Purposes of the UN - closest thing to world government but states have not empowered to enforce its will within territories except with consent of state government - UN Charter: based on principle states are Equal under international law, states have full Sovereignty over own affairs, should have full Independence and territorial integrity, carry out international obligations * structure of UN and methods to operate * exists bc states created it to serve their needs * leverage to seek beneficial outcomes in conflicts in exchange for dues, expenses of diplomatic representatives, and agreement of Charter - Benefits: * international stability: allow states to realize gains from trade * symbol of international order and global identity * forum for states to promote views and bring disputes * mechanism for conflict resolution * promotes and coordinates developmental assistance/economic and social development programs * coordinating system of information and planning by internal/external programs and publication of international data - Budget of UN = $20 billion combined * Structure of the UN - UN general assembly: representatives of all states sit to listen to speeches and pass resolutions - Economic and Social Council: coordinates a variety of developmental programs
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- UN Security Council: five great powers and ten rotating states make decisions about international peace and security, dispatches peacekeeping troops - UN Secretariat (exec branch) led by secretary general of UN - World Court: judicial arm of UN - Delegates are headed by ambassadors of each state live in NYC, diplomatic status - Universality of its membership: 192 states in 2009. Commits all states to set of rules governing their relations - 5 Great Powers: veto over substantive decisions of Security Council
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Chapter 7 - Chapter 7: International Organization, Law, and...

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