LO-02b AFP Indepen, Expan, War-2

LO-02b AFP Indepen, Expan, War-2 - Independence, Expansion,...

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Independence, Expansion, and War Part 2 LO-03 1
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Independence, Expansion, and War Part 2 General Americans generally optimistic at War’s end 1/2 of national territory lay across the Appalachians immigrants went westward American’s thought peace would bring trading opportunities For ships could enter US ports Amer could trade directly w/other Eur countries They could develop an extensive & free trade w/world Optimism of 1783 only partially fulfilled Trade did expand rapidly after revolutionary war 1 st American shop to trade with Far East – Empress of China sailed from New York in 1784 But instant prosperity American’s expected in 1783 did not occur. Because of continued America’s economic dependence on It’s weak and ineffectual govt at home. Post-War Expectations v. Reality Expectations After war, a “sweet reconciliation” w/England Commercial privileges would be restored. Reality relations w/Br deteriorated Br slow to forget that Americans Thus Eng refused to resume pre-war trading privileges enjoyed by the colonies 2
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Canada and West Indies remained close to American trading None of this would have mattered but Bulk of America’s trade con’t to be w/Eng New England particulary hit hard 90% imports from England in 1970 Moreover, Br refused to evacuate the North West forts Arranged strategically to control frontier Partly to placate Indians and protect loyalists who fled the frontier To add insult to injury America’s 1 st envoy/min/Amb John Adams to England was treated coldly Adams been on King’s hanging list And, Eng refused to accredit a minister to US But America’s worst enemy was its own govt Central govt under Articles of Confederation had little pwr Amer diplo couldn’t threaten commercial retaliation Indeed, w/peace came a full recognition of the limitations of an independence based on the Articles of Confederation During War Congress had raised a continental Army and constructed a Navy W/ peace these “implied” powers ended All naval vessels were sold or scrapped by 1784 Army dwindled to a mere regiment There was no money, no army, no navy There was no foreign policy, no State Dept/For Ministry 3
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Many in England expected the imminent collapse of the new Disunited States So too were voiced great concerns in the US – Washington expressed concern over national governments instability to garner funds from states to
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LO-02b AFP Indepen, Expan, War-2 - Independence, Expansion,...

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