LO-07 AFP Manage, Police, Extend

LO-07 AFP Manage, Police, Extend - Managing Policing and...

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Managing, Policing, and Extending The Empire (1900-1914) LO-07
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Managing, Policing, and Extending The Empire (1900-1914) General Early 20 th C Amer consolidates position in world In Latin America Dec 1898 President McKinley responding to Teller Ammendment to Congressional joint resolution authorizing War with Spain: US disclaimed intention of annexing Cuba, promises Cuba “free and independent status” 1846 US signs treaty with New Granada (Columbia, Panama) Guarantees sovereignty of New Granada 1901 US/Br signed Hay-Pauncefote Treaty of 1901 - which permits US to build & fortify a canal – negates 1850 Clayton-Bulwer Treaty (1900 treaty did not permit so defeated in Senate with Roosevelt’s support) Br chooses to acquiesce to Amer presence in face of growing German challenge PANAMA One eve of rebellion US sends warship to Panaama Pretext: Mtn free and uninterrupted transit to and from ports and along line of cross-isthmus RR Orders: prevent any landing of armed forces, either govt or rebel Effect: prevent govt of Colombia from landing forces to suppress rebellion Violation of 1846 treaty and international law 3 days after revolt began, US recognizes new govt of Panama 1903 US signs Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty US to build, fortify, & operate cross Isthmus canal US guarantees independence of Pa. CUBA 2
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Dec 1898 Pres McKinley promises Cuba “free & independent status” once Amer mil occupation had achieved complete tranquility Platt Amendment Rider to Army Appropriations Bill Constrains Cuban independence, establishes US suzerainty Cuba not to make treaty that impairs its independence US granted right to intervene if Cuba fails to protect “Life, property, individual liberty” Cuba to grant “coaling stations” (Same yr US gets GITMO in perpetuity ) Cuba and US sign treaty which includes Platt Amend principles Platt amend became part of Cuba constitution Cubans resent US dominance Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine - promises US would regulate Americas Asserted right of US to intervene to stabilize economic affairs Results: US marines to Dom Rep 1912 - US governs country until 1922 US marines to Haiti in 1915 – US rules in Haiti until 1934 US intervenes at will in Nicaragua – Nicaragua a virtual US protectorate until 1933. Then depression at home made countering Augusto Cesar Sandino’s guerrilla efforts against America too costly
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LO-07 AFP Manage, Police, Extend - Managing Policing and...

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