LO-13A Ex AFP Nixon-Kissinger-1

LO-13A Ex AFP Nixon-Kissinger-1 - Nixon-Kissinger LO-13A...

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Nixon-Kissinger LO-13A General Situation 1969 US - Civil Rights Movement o Race Riots of 1964 o Watts Riot (district of LA) 1965 o Detroit Riots (1967) - Increasing discontent over VN War-Tet Jan 1968 - MLK assassination apr 68 - RFK assassination jun 68 - Democratic party convention Chicago aug 68 – sds - V.N.: Growing public concern over war: costs in lives and national treasury Expanded American involvement now longer than in ww2 Johnson had capped Troop levels, circa 500K Began process of “Vietnamization.” China: Emerging from cultural revolution About to have confrontation w/USSR on border: conflict looming USSR: Nearing Strategic parity in missiles w/ US Nearing rough nuclear parity with us Econ difficulties at home More dependent on West Nixon 1969: Predispositions Ideologically rigid Politically pragmatic Result: greater flexibility w/in American political scene Initial Policy Outlines During elections Had promised to end VN war Referred to confrontation w/USSR giving way to negotiations
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Indicated willingness to consider new relationship w/China Nixon-Kissinger team sought Tactical flexibility of Kennedy/Johnson system Structure and coherence of Eisenhower system Sought to avoid short-sighted fixation that led to VN myopic ideological rigidities of John Foster Dulles The Problem According to Kissinger US lost sight of kind of International Order it sought Conceptual coherence lacking no long-term vision: to many ad hoc decisions made without reference to longer objectives too much reliance by excessively pragmatic leaders upon excessively self- centered bureaucracy Result: View seemed to emerge that only the US could preserve a world of diversity And because threats were many Balance delicate US must act not only where its immediate interests are in jeopardy but everywhere Hence, an indiscriminate Globalism had emerged BUT According to Nixon-Kissinger: all interests not vital, all threats not deadly H.K.
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LO-13A Ex AFP Nixon-Kissinger-1 - Nixon-Kissinger LO-13A...

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