LO-16 AFP Bush-Clinton

LO-16 AFP Bush-Clinton - Bush Clinton And The End of the...

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Bush, Clinton And The End of the Cold War LO-16 Situation Greatly changed from previous Presidents Gorbachev to power in March 11, 1985 Speaks to Central Committee Suggests 3 stage process leading to elimination of nuclear weapons by 1999 Reiterates ideas in interview in Humanite Opens way to verification Mentions economic re-organization Gorbachev at 27 th Congress of Communist Party – February to March 1986 Raises the possibility of changed direction Gorbachev at 27 th Congress Says o Military balance “inordinately high” o Man can now destroy all life on earth o Arms control and verification important o Called for reduction in intensity of military confrontation Speaks of o “Dignity of man” o “Political, social, and personal rights of man” o “Dialouge + cooperation” o “Development of contacts between people and organizations” o “Dissemination of ideas” Rejects terrorism Emphasizes futility and inadmissibility of “pushing
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revolutions from outside” especially by military means April 26, 1986 – Chernobyl, level 7 disaster Impacts Gorbachev But debate in US over motives was charged Soviet military build-up still on-going But Gorbachev continues to speak out on need for restraint on nuclear weapons, democratization of all society Need to rejet concept of absolute security Need for new modes of thinking But by 1989 Glasnost (opening), Perestroika (economic restructuring), & Novaya myshleniya (new thinking Dec 1988, Gorbachev announces unilateral reduction in troop strength of 500,000 by 2000 Just before Bush’s inauguration January 11, 1989 Hungary authorizes formation of independent pol parties Dramatic changes continue after American elections Feb 15, 1989 - last Soviet soldier leaves Afghanistan Mid ‘89 Gorbachev Calls for a common European home that would eliminate “possibility of an armed clash” Seemed to be encouraging change Makes clear Polish and Hungary people free to decide the structure of their country Implicitly renounces Brezhnev Doctrine (announced after Cz invasion) Repeatedly warns Pol communists not to block formation of government by Solidarity October 1989 in Berlin – “Life punishes harshly anyone who is left behind in politics”
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Decides not to suppress unrest Result: massive pro-demo protests in GDR 11 days later Honecker forced to resign November 9, 1989 opening of Berlin Wall Mid-Nov 1989 SU warning CZ ldrs not to delay reform By mid-1990, free & demo elections had taken place in EE Central Issue – Germany Just as Europe prime issue in Cold War Germany prime issue in Europe Russians hated & feared Germany Germans 2X in 20 th Century fought fierce war Germany had knocked at gates of Moscow Germany had caused over 20 million military and civilian casulaities during World War II Germany was the prize Germans were demanding unification
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