LO-16 AFP Bush-Clinton

LO-16 AFP Bush-Clinton - Bush Clinton And The End of the...

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Unformatted text preview: Bush, Clinton And The End of the Cold War LO-16 Situation • Greatly changed from previous Presidents • Gorbachev to power in March 11, 1985 • Speaks to Central Committee • Suggests 3 stage process leading to elimination of nuclear weapons by 1999 • Reiterates ideas in interview in Humanite • Opens way to verification • Mentions economic re-organization • Gorbachev at 27 th Congress of Communist Party – February to March 1986 • Raises the possibility of changed direction Gorbachev at 27 th Congress • Says o Military balance “inordinately high” o Man can now destroy all life on earth o Arms control and verification important o Called for reduction in intensity of military confrontation • Speaks of o “Dignity of man” o “Political, social, and personal rights of man” o “Dialouge + cooperation” o “Development of contacts between people and organizations” o “Dissemination of ideas” • Rejects terrorism • Emphasizes futility and inadmissibility of “pushing revolutions from outside” especially by military means • April 26, 1986 – Chernobyl, level 7 disaster • Impacts Gorbachev • But debate in US over motives was charged • Soviet military build-up still on-going • But Gorbachev continues to speak out on need for restraint on nuclear weapons, democratization of all society • Need to rejet concept of absolute security • Need for new modes of thinking • But by 1989 • Glasnost (opening), • Perestroika (economic restructuring), & • Novaya myshleniya (new thinking • Dec 1988, Gorbachev announces unilateral reduction in troop strength of 500,000 by 2000 • Just before Bush’s inauguration • January 11, 1989 Hungary authorizes formation of independent pol parties Dramatic changes continue after American elections • Feb 15, 1989 - last Soviet soldier leaves Afghanistan • Mid ‘89 Gorbachev • Calls for a common European home that would eliminate “possibility of an armed clash” • Seemed to be encouraging change • Makes clear Polish and Hungary people free to decide the structure of their country • Implicitly renounces Brezhnev Doctrine (announced after Cz invasion) • Repeatedly warns Pol communists not to block formation of government by Solidarity • October 1989 in Berlin – “Life punishes harshly anyone who is left behind in politics” • Decides not to suppress unrest • Result: massive pro-demo protests in GDR • 11 days later Honecker forced to resign • November 9, 1989 opening of Berlin Wall • Mid-Nov 1989 SU warning CZ ldrs not to delay reform • By mid-1990, free & demo elections had taken place in EE Central Issue – Germany • Just as Europe prime issue in Cold War • Germany prime issue in Europe • Russians hated & feared Germany • Germans 2X in 20 th Century fought fierce war • Germany had knocked at gates of Moscow • Germany had caused over 20 million military and civilian casulaities during World War II • Germany was the prize...
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2012 for the course INTA 3110 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Georgia Tech.

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LO-16 AFP Bush-Clinton - Bush Clinton And The End of the...

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