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Unformatted text preview: LO-18Barack ObamaSituation On Entering Office U.S. Mil Forces involved in 2 Major ConflictsAfghanistanSituation deterioratingIraq: Surge seems to have helped N Korea reported to possess nuclear wpns Iran believed by US to be seeking nuc wpns caps Relations with Russia faltering Israel-Palestinian Conflict On-goingMajor Objectives Stable govt in Iraq/End US. Force deployments Stable Afghanistan/w weakened Taliban + bin Laden captured Reduction in Worldwide Terrorism Reduce/eliminate nuclear weaponsstrengthen non-proliferation regime Reduce/eliminate violent extremism Improve Global Economic Conditions Advance Democracy Advance International Cooperation (an era of engagement), while respecting SovereigntyAfghanistanU.S. Concerns War against Taliban, al Qaeda not going well Bin Laden & Mullah Mohammed Omar continue to elude capture Legitimacy of Pres Hamid Karzai govt in question Other Concerns?oStability of Pakistan, relationship somewhat strainedoMilitary bases in Central AsiaoSupply routes through RussiaU.S. Objectives Refocus on Threat from al Qaeda in Afghanistan & PakistanDisrupt, dismantle, & defeatPrevent their return in future Withdraw US forces from Afghanistan Other objectives?oReverse decline in US-Pak relationsoMaintain status of Manas Air Base, KyrgzstanoImprove relations with Russia to secure supply routes. U.S. Options Begin withdrawal Fortify major cities and rebuild infrastructure Seek assistance of local clans for defense Increase forces levels by up to 40,000 additional troops (surge option) set at 30,000 by December 2, withdrawal dateoNo blank check to Pakistan government must demonstrate commitment Other Options?Decision on StrategyDecember 1, 2009 8pm, US military address at West PointSurge of 30K (at peak US had 101,000)OutcomeViolence continues (recent ethic violence attributed to violent Pakistani groups)But some progress on stabilizing madeUS withdrawaing from AfghanistanJune 2011: Obama pledges 33K troops out by September 2012o10K before end of 2011, 70K remainAll to be withdrawn by 2014Currently about 150K allied troops in AfghanistanoUS 101K , UA allies 40KVoices of Support and ConcernSupportoMany feel weve been there long enoughoCant solve all their problemsoRemaining there reduces incentives for them to get own house in orderoUs and allied troops may increase size of oppositionConcernsoWithdrawing too soonoTurbulence will increaseIraqU.S. Concerns U.S. forces still engaged nearly 6 years after beginning of war Stability still in question Iraqi forces not yet able to assume full responsibility for security Timeline for future U.S. withdrawal remains in doubt Other concerns?...
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- Fall '08