Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 A Natural Experiment of History...

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Chapter 2: A Natural Experiment of History Moriori people independence ended (December 1835) * November: 500 Maori with guns, clubs, axes -> December 4: 400 more * Took Moriori as slaves, killed those who objected * Organized resistance could have outdone Maori, but wanted to dissolve conflict peacefully - Offer peace, friendship, and division of resources * Maori attacked, killed, cooked/ate bodies, enslaved in accordance with customs * Even though smaller numbers, Maori were equipped, strong leadership, dense population Small scale experiment of how environment affects human societies “Natural Experiments” 1) Settlement of Polynesia: thousands of islands differing in area, isolation, elevation, climate, productivity, geological/biological resources * Ultimate ancestors shared culture, language, technology, domesticated plants/animals 2) Differing environments of Chatham Islands molded Moriori and Maori people differently * First group colonized reverted back to hunter-gatherers because of climate * Small area -> forced to get along, reduced conflicts, renounced warfare * Northern New Zealand had climate for crops -> developed dense populations, tools needed for farming, fighting, art * Australian seal-hunting ship informed Maori of Moriori people -> set sail to Chatham
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Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 A Natural Experiment of History...

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