September 29 - September 29, 2010 Kleptocracies * At worst,...

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September 29, 2010 Kleptocracies * At worst, chiefdoms were kleptocracies * Transferred net wealth from commoners to upper class * How do kleptocracies keep from being overthrown? - Disarm the populace, arm the elite - Redistribute tribute in popular ways - Use monopoly of force to keep public order - Construct an ideology or religion that justifies kleptocracy State Religion * Provides bond between people - Not based on kinship - Keeps them from killing each other * Gives warriors a motive for sacrificing life in battle: - Now much more effective in conquest States * Populations of 50,000 to 1 billion * Usually literate elites * Sometimes-literate population * Arose 3,700 BC in Mesopotamia * Later in Mesoamerica, China, Southeast Asia, Andes, West Africa * True cities, characterized by - Monumental public works - Palaces of rulers - Accumulation of capital from tribute or taxes - Concentration of people other than food producers Mesopotamia * Food product by 4 specialist groups - Cereal Farmers - Herders
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2012 for the course INTA 2040 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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September 29 - September 29, 2010 Kleptocracies * At worst,...

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