Week 3 Slides_Tu 4-12 - Week 3: The Trans-Saharan World of...

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Week 3: The Trans-Saharan World of the West African Savanna Tu April 12, 2011 From Desert Barrier to Desert Highway: The Development of Trans-Saharan Trade Outline I. Beginning of Trans-Saharan Trade II. Development of Centralized States in West African Savanna People/ Places/ Terms Jenne Trans-Saharan Trade Wangara Dyula Ghana/Wagadu “The Ghana” Koumbi-Saleh Almoravid Dynasty Mali Songhai
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Map of Climate/Vegetation Zones Both “Sahel” and “Sawahil” (Swahili) derive from Arabic Sahil , meaning “coast”
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Inland Niger Delta: Ancient town site of Jenne
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•Introduced to Sahara 4 th C Could travel w/o water 10 days--twice as long as horses or oxen Tolerated extreme daytime heat and nighttime cold better than horses or oxen •Splayed feet made them better suited for travel in desert •In sum: could travel farther and faster than any other pack animal in desert climate Camels
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Week 3 Slides_Tu 4-12 - Week 3: The Trans-Saharan World of...

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