Session+9+Supplement+v.2

Session+9+Supplement+v.2 - Critical Reasoning 3 Inference...

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Critical Reasoning 3 Prospective fathers should consume adequate amounts of folic acid. Pregnant women who do not eat fortified cereals and grains run a high risk of having babies with neural tube defects in subsequent pregnancies. Leafy greens and fortified grains are the most effective way to reduce neural tube defects in babies. Pregnant women can reduce the risk that their children will have neural tube defects by eating leafy vegetables and fortified cereals. Eating a diet of leafy vegetables and grains is the only way for a pregnant woman to prevent her unborn child from developing neural tube disorders Inference Question Pregnant women are advised to take folic acid, a vitamin that is necessary for the synthesis of DNA, in order to lower the risk that their babies will be born with neural tube defects. Folic acid is found in grains , fortified cereals, and leafy vegetables such as spinach and turnip greens. Which of the following can be logically concluded from the statements above?
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Critical Reasoning 3 Which of the following, if true, most supports the statements above? Which of the following is most supported by the statements above? Strengthen questions want you to SUPPORT the argument. Inference questions ask you which answer choice is SUPPORTED by the stimulus. Inference vs. Strengthen
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Critical Reasoning 3 Must be true Could be true Must be false Degrees of Certainty
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Critical Reasoning 3 Some Most More than one More than half Some vs. Most
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Critical Reasoning 3 Condition that brings about a necessary result If Then X Y Formal Logic
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Critical Reasoning 3 Formal Logic not Y not X If it doesn’t have wings , then it can’t be a bird . If it is a bird , then it must have wings . X Y
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Critical Reasoning 3 X Y Not Y Not X Y X Not X Not Y Common Wrong Answers
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Critical Reasoning 3 Lesson Review Inference Common Wrong Answers Degrees of certainty Formal logic Must be true Extreme Could be true
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2012 for the course GB 752 taught by Professor Unknown during the Fall '11 term at Loyola Maryland.

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Session+9+Supplement+v.2 - Critical Reasoning 3 Inference...

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