Session+12+Supplement

Session+12+Supplement - Lesson 12 Supplement Lesson...

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Lesson 12 Supplement Lesson Supplement Several factors inhibit the efficient use of existing road infrastructure. First, many roads were not designed and built to meet today's traffic volumes, and their operation has not changed sufficiently to better meet current volumes. Second, the federal and state revenue-raising structure does not provide incentives for drivers to use roads efficiently because it does not account for all the social and economic costs involved when commuters use roads at times of peak demand. Accordingly, two techniques have been developed for making current roads more efficient. A technique known as infrastructure maximization optimizes capacity through better operations and the use of technology, such as timing traffic signals to improve traffic flow. In contrast, the behavior-based approach addresses social factors that influence when and where most people drive, for example, by encouraging companies to adopt flexible work schedules or by imposing tolls during peak driving hours. Research suggests that these techniques are most effective when tailored to a particular situation and used in combination. However, reports show that these techniques, while helpful, often provided only marginal benefits, because several persistent challenges, including insufficient funding for new technology and the persistence of the 9:00 beginning of the work day, prevented greater use.
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Lesson 12 Supplement Lesson Supplement Which of the following, if true, would provide the most support for a city’s decision NOT to implement an infrastructure maximization plan? Most large businesses in the city allow employees to set their own work hours. Most city roads were designed for traffic volumes a decade ago, when the city’s population of drivers was smaller. The city has already implemented a behavior-based approach to improving the efficiency of road use. Local taxes provide plentiful funding for the city to purchase new technology. In a recent referendum, city voters defeated a proposed peak-hour toll on the city’s major highways.
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Lesson Supplement Which of the following strategies to improve road use efficiency would the author consider most likely to be effective? Mandating that major thruways and highways be fitted with modern technological traffic signals to reduce traffic congestion. Changing traffic law such that drivers are permitted to drive only at certain times of day to improve traffic flow on roads. Encouraging local government officials to implement laws promoting staggered and flexible work schedules for commuters. Working with local highway patrol and businesses to alter commuter schedules and locate underused side roads. Incite federal and state governments to fund research into the
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Session+12+Supplement - Lesson 12 Supplement Lesson...

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