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Session+14+Supplement+v.4

# Session+14+Supplement+v.4 - Critical Reasoning 4 Practice...

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Critical Reasoning 4 Practice Problems: Logical Flaw Phonographs might need maintenance, thus requiring farm workers to be trained in phonograph repair. Sound reproduction might not always have positive effects. Even if high-pitched sounds affect the behavior of chickens, they might not affect the behavior of foxes. Chicken farmers might not be interested in purchasing phonographs until the fences that they already own wear out and need to be replaced. The high-pitched frequency that affects birds and other animals might be too high for humans to hear. In 1880, a contemporary of Thomas Edison predicted that the advent of sound reproduction would revolutionize the poultry- farming industry. Observing the effect of high-pitched sound frequencies on farm animals, he suggested that fences would soon be replaced by phonographs, which would be placed around the perimeter of farms, emitting a high-pitched frequency. This would drive off predators, such as foxes, while keeping the chickens from straying outside of their designated area. Which of the following indicates a flaw in the logic of this prediction?

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Critical Reasoning 4 Practice Problems: Logical Flaw Malco, a prominent electronics manufacturer and distributor, has seen after-tax revenues grow in proportion to increased expenditures on warehouse security over the last decade. However, because Malco’s losses due to theft at its warehouses remain higher than the industry average, the management decides to continue to increase its spending on warehouse security in order to ensure that its revenues continue to increase. Which of the following indicates a logical flaw in Malco’s plan? The decrease in Malco’s losses due to theft over the last decade may be smaller than Malco’s current overall losses due to theft. The industry average for losses due to theft in the electronics distribution field may be low compared to that of other fields. Malco might have been able to achieve an equal increase in revenues over the last decade by increasing its expenditure on international marketing instead of warehouse security. The expenditures on warehouse security to date may have been sufficient to stop the majority of warehouse thefts. Over the last decade, Malco’s spending on warehouse security has increased in proportion to its spending in several other areas, such as advertising and research and development.
Critical Reasoning 4 Practice Problems: Relevant Information A proposal currently under consideration would legalize the sale of pesticides on the Internet. Environmentalists object that the

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Session+14+Supplement+v.4 - Critical Reasoning 4 Practice...

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