ch5-arithInstr

ch5-arithInstr - Arithmetic instructions EE 3750 Overview...

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Arithmetic instructions EE 3750 2 Overview Will discuss instructions for addition subtraction comparison (based on subtraction) multiplication division BCD and ASCII arithmetic
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3 ADD, SUB instructions ADD dest,source dest ! dest + source Examples ADD AX,BX ADD SUM, BL SUB dest,source dest ! dest " source Examples SUB AX,BX SUB DIFF, BL 4 ADC, SBB instructions ADC dest,source dest ! dest + source + CF add with carry: used for wide additions Examples ADC AX,BX ADC SUM, BL SBB dest,source dest ! dest " source " CF subtract with borrow; used for wide subtractions Examples SBB AX,BX SBB DIFF, BL
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figure from Brey 5 ADC example ADD AX, CX ADC BX, DX figure from Brey 6 SBB example SUB AX, DI SBB BX, SI
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7 CBW, CWD instructions CBW ; note: operands implicit, none specified extend sign of AL to AH convert byte to word Examples if AL = 0001 1011 before CBW, then AX = 0000 0000 0001 1011 after CBW if AL = 1001 1011 before CBW, then AX = 1111 1111 1001 1011 after CBW CWD ; note: operands implicit, none specified extend sign of AX to DX convert word to doubleword Examples if AX = 0001 0001 0001 1011 before CWD, then DX—AX = 0000 0000 0000 0000 0001 0001 0001 1011 after CWD if AX = 1101 0001 0001 1011 before CWD, then DX—AX = 1111 1111 1111 1111 1101 0001 0001 1011 after CWD 8
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