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Unformatted text preview: CLASS 17 NOTES 10/21/08 Jewish sects of the late Second Temple period: o Separated themselves because they felt alienated o Believed that traditional values had been corrupted o Believed that only they understand gods will *a sect is characterized by separation and exclusivity Josephus mentions 3 sects: o Pharisees o Sadducees o Essenes Seem to have originated and crystallized by mid-second century B.C. Sadducees: Zadokite family tree 1. Oniads (Onias IV and his descendents) established temple at Leontopolis 2. The Essences (Qumran community) 3. The Sadducees All of our sources on the Sadducees are hostile: o Josephus (Pharisee) o New Testament o Rabbinic literature (Pharisaic) Sadducees were: o Priests and aristocracy o Politically conservative as well as religious (not flexible on interpretation of scripture) Pharisees: Parash: to separate Pharisees called themselves: o Haver (friend) o Scribe o Sage o Rabbi (my master) From diverse background rural/urban, lower ranks of priests, craftsmen, small farmers, and merchants...
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- Fall '11