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Unformatted text preview: CLASS 17 NOTES 10/21/08 • Jewish sects of the late Second Temple period: o Separated themselves because they felt alienated o Believed that traditional values had been corrupted o Believed that only they understand god’s will *a sect is characterized by separation and exclusivity • Josephus mentions 3 sects: o Pharisees o Sadducees o Essenes • Seem to have originated and crystallized by mid-second century B.C. Sadducees: • Zadokite family tree 1. Oniads (Onias IV and his descendents) established temple at Leontopolis 2. The Essences (Qumran community) 3. The Sadducees • All of our sources on the Sadducees are hostile: o Josephus (Pharisee) o New Testament o Rabbinic literature (Pharisaic) • Sadducees were: o Priests and aristocracy o Politically conservative as well as religious (not flexible on interpretation of scripture) Pharisees: • Parash: to separate • Pharisees called themselves: o Haver (friend) o Scribe o Sage o Rabbi (my master) • From diverse background – rural/urban, lower ranks of priests, craftsmen, small farmers, and merchants...
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2012 for the course JWST 106 taught by Professor Jodimagness during the Fall '11 term at UNC.
- Fall '11