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1st_Midterm_Essays

1st_Midterm_Essays - RELI 106 FALL 2011 STUDY ESSAY...

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RELI 106, FALL 2011 STUDY ESSAY QUESTIONS FOR MID-TERM EXAMINATION I Note: Mid-Term Exam I covers the material from the beginning of the semester up to the Seleucid conquest of Palestine in 198 B.C.E. (in other words, it includes the Ptolemaic period but not the Seleucid period). 1) What are the biases of the writers/editors of the Hebrew Bible and how are they expressed in the biblical text? The writers/editors of the Hebrew Bible portray many biases including Exclusive Yahwism, favored centralization of the cult, and were pro-Judah. 2) Who was Ezra and who was Nehemiah, and what did they accomplish in Jerusalem? Why did Ezra oppose intermarriage? Ezra was a priestly scribe who left Babylonia and returned to Judah under the Persian rule. He was supposed to enforce and teach the laws of his God (Yahweh) to the people Beyond the River. Ezra opposed intermarriage because according to him intermarriages led to the destruction and captivity at the hands of the Babylonians 125 years earlier. His radical solution underscores the fact that a pure genealogy was considered an essential part of fidelity to the divine law.
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