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Unformatted text preview: Places • Judea • Israel • Palestine • Samaria • Mesopotamia • Galilee • Assyria • Babylonia • Persia • Mount Gerizim* • Elephantine – Jewish Diaspora in Egypt, military colony, another temple to Yahu • Leontopolis • Ebernari Things • Temple – literally the house of the God, only high priests were allowed to enter • Synagogue – place of worship, possible origin during the Babylonian exile, gathered together to worship God of Israel under elders • Torah/Pentateuch/Five Books of Moses – the Hebrew bible, the law of the land (in antiquity there was no difference between politics and religion) • United Kingdom – Under Solomon and David, no division between South and North, temple at Jerusalem • Divided Kingdom – Israel in the North, Judah in the South, different interpretations of the Torah, exclusive vs inclusive yahwism, centralization of the church • Asherah • Exile – being forced out of one’s native land, attempt to destroy power base so often the wealthy were exiled, people of Judea exiled by Assyrians and Babylonians, Persians let them return • Exclusivist Yahwism - worshipped yahweh and no other Gods, area of Judah, writers of the Bible, Ezra • Inclusivist Yahwism – worshipped yahweh and but tolerated worship of other gods as well, Ahabi married Jezabel and erected temple to Baal • Documentary Hypothesis • Septuagint – Greek translation of the Torah, means 70, because of Letter of Aristeas (fictional story)...
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- Fall '11
- Judaism, high priest, Seleucid King Alexander