f_0010082_7829 - Continuing Suffering in Sudan and the US...

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The Ambassadors REVIEW 22 Continuing Suffering in Sudan and the US Government Response Richard S. Williamson The President’s Special Envoy to Sudan he United States has made great efforts to encourage the full implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and to end the unconscion- able humanitarian suffering in Darfur. For the past eight years, President Bush has led the work of the US government on Sudan, through a massive humanitarian operation, an integrated development program, sustained and vigorous support for peacekeeping, and significant diplomatic efforts. Early in the administration, Senator John Danforth, whom President Bush empowered as his special envoy in 2001, used great creativity, commitment, and skill in helping to secure the groundbreaking signing in 2005 of the CPA. Deputy Secretary of State Robert Zoellick later devoted his efforts and attention to the crisis in Darfur, culminating in the signing of the Darfur Peace Agreement, and most recently, Special Envoy Andrew Natsios worked diligently through frequent travel to the region and coordination with international partners to bring relief to the people of Sudan. Despite the successes of these diplomatic efforts and the tireless work of countless individuals in Washington and on the ground in Sudan, however, the story of mayhem, murder, and misery tragically continues for too many Sudanese. In an effort to alleviate the suffering of the people of Sudan and contribute to the pursuit of a democratic, peaceful, and prosperous Sudan, the policy of the US government is focused on three main areas. First, the United States is committed to the success of the CPA. Implementation of the CPA is in danger. The conduct of the census, a major milestone in the CPA, showed not only the stresses between the north and south, but also the marginalization of the people of Darfur from the CPA process. Preparations for elections are woefully behind schedule and could put the 2011 referendum at risk. In Abyei, violence has displaced more than 50,000 innocent people, the parties have yet to agree to a resolution on the boundaries of the Abyei area, and oil revenue sharing—an issue of crucial importance not only during the interim period, but also after 2011—continues to be a challenge. The US government is committed to protecting the CPA in these and other areas to ensure that the people of Sudan do not face the tragedy of another civil war. Second, the United States is committed to ending the suffering of the people of Darfur, who—four years after President Bush called the world’s attention to the genocide taking place—continue to suffer. The Government of Sudan (GOS) has announced a new commitment to move forward on a lasting peace in Darfur, but this has been followed by an attack on one of the largest camps for internally displaced persons (IDPs) and a bombing campaign in North Darfur. The government’s continued rhetoric clearly is not being translated into progress on the ground. T
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2012 for the course POLS 494 taught by Professor Garymoncrief during the Fall '11 term at Boise State.

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f_0010082_7829 - Continuing Suffering in Sudan and the US...

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