mmm - Sapat: Post-Disaster Housing 26 International Journal...

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Unformatted text preview: Sapat: Post-Disaster Housing 26 International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters March 2011, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 2656. Policy Learning and Policy Change: Katrina, Ike and Post-Disaster Housing Alka Sapat School of Public Administration Florida Atlantic University Yanmei Li Christine Mitchell Ann-Margaret Esnard School of Urban and Regional Planning Florida Atlantic University Email: asapat@fau.edu Abstract Hurricane Katrina has spawned a great deal of research on various issues, including problems and failures in disaster preparation, response and recovery . Less attention has been paid however, to scholarly analyses of policy learning and change with regard to post-disaster housing. The focus of this paper is to fill that gap by analyzing the extent of policy learning and policy changes adopted after Katrina, and by examining the response three years later to Hurricane Ike. We reviewed key legislation and used theoretical insights drawn from the policy literature as a framework for examining post-disaster policy changes and outcomes. We find that as a policy issue, post-disaster housing continues to be a wicked and messy policy problem, exacerbated by unrealistic expectations of governmental agencies, and characterized by a weak advocacy base. To this end, we offer some policy and planning considerations in our conclusion. Key words: disaster recovery; affordable housing; advocacy coalitions Introduction Housing issues are critical to the disaster recovery process, yet continue to be an under-studied area in disaster research (Tierney, Lindell, and Perry 2001). Both financial and natural disasters result in housing dilemmas, particularly for displaced populations. For instance, past disasters such as the 1993 Midwest floods, Hurricanes Hugo and Sapat: Post-Disaster Housing 27 Andrew in 1989 and 1992 respectively led to catastrophic damage to residential housing units. Over 9,000 homes were destroyed and 26,000 homes were damaged by Hugo, and over 50,000 homes were destroyed and 136,000 homes were damaged by Hurricane Andrew (Comerio 1998; Morrow 1999). As one scholar noted, In a five- year period from 1989 to 1994, five U.S. disasters caused $75 billion in damage, half of which was to residential structures: 200,000 units were destroyed or severely damaged and over 600,000 were damaged and in need of repair (Comerio 1998, p.15). While disaster- related housing has been a major problem for a number of years, it was the devastation and displacement caused by Hurricane Katrina that put the issue of disaster housing policies and related land development issues into the national spotlight (Levine, Esnard and Sapat 2007). Research on various aspects of the impact of Katrina has been abundant and rich, including the first collection of essays on Katrina published by the Social Science Research Council (http://understandingkatrina.ssrc.org/). Less attention has been paid, however, to scholarly analyses of policy learning and post-disaster housing changes in...
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2012 for the course COMM 321 taught by Professor Erinmcclellan during the Spring '11 term at Boise State.

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mmm - Sapat: Post-Disaster Housing 26 International Journal...

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