Poverty_Quality_Presentation

Poverty_Quality_Presentation - INSTITUTEFOR POLICYSTUDIES...

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INSTITUTE  FOR  POLICY STUDIES Is Neighborhood Poverty a Good Marker of Neighborhood Quality? Johns Hopkins University Graduate Program in Public Policy Class of 2005 December 9, 2003
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INSTITUTE  FOR  POLICY STUDIES Public investment based on assumed relationship between the neighborhood poverty rate and neighborhood quality Background and Significance
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INSTITUTE  FOR  POLICY STUDIES Owner subsidy Property rehabilitation subsidy Tenant subsidy Rental voucher Participation difficult for Baltimore Project Based Vouchers
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INSTITUTE  FOR  POLICY STUDIES 1) Is there a relationship between the neighborhood poverty rate and neighborhood quality? 2) If there is a relationship, what form does it take? 3) Is the trend in the neighborhood poverty rate a better marker of quality than the poverty rate at a point in time? 4) Are there mitigating factors between the poverty rate and quality? 5) Are other measures better than the neighborhood poverty rate? Questions
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INSTITUTE  FOR  POLICY STUDIES Linear Relationship Poverty Quality High Low Low High
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INSTITUTE  FOR  POLICY STUDIES Threshold 20% Poverty Quality High High Low Low
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INSTITUTE  FOR  POLICY STUDIES Questions 1) Is there a relationship between neighborhood poverty and quality? 2) If there is a relationship, what form does it take? 3) Is the trend in neighborhood poverty a better marker of quality than the poverty rate at a point in time? 4) Are there mitigating factors between poverty and quality? 5) Are other measures better than the neighborhood poverty rate?
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INSTITUTE  FOR  POLICY STUDIES Map of Neighborhoods
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INSTITUTE  FOR  POLICY STUDIES Examines poverty and multiple indicators of quality Provides Baltimore with specific information Collaboration with Baltimore Contributions of the Study
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INSTITUTE  FOR  POLICY STUDIES Theories and Evidence Research Methods 5 Neighborhood Analyses Conclusions and Implications Agenda
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INSTITUTE  FOR  POLICY STUDIES HUD Eligibility Criteria HUD Program Eligibility Criteria Moving to Opportunity (MTO) < 10% poverty Project Based Voucher (PBV) < 20% poverty Regular Housing Vouchers No geographic restrictions apply Site and Neighborhood Standards “high proportion of low-income persons” Federal Register (2003)
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INSTITUTE  FOR  POLICY STUDIES HUD’s Implicit Model Neighborhood Poverty Neighborhood Quality Resident Outcomes
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INSTITUTE  FOR  POLICY STUDIES Evidence of Relationship Neighborhood Poverty Neighborhood Quality Resident Outcomes Little insight into poverty-quality relationship Focuses on socioeconomic and developmental consequences Few isolate effects of poverty
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INSTITUTE  FOR  POLICY STUDIES MTO Demonstration Recent study examining relationship between poverty rates and resident outcomes Rigorous comparison of former and present residents of high-poverty neighborhoods Direct test of the effects of low-poverty rates on poor residents
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INSTITUTE  FOR  POLICY STUDIES
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Poverty_Quality_Presentation - INSTITUTEFOR POLICYSTUDIES...

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