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Neighborhood Indicator

Neighborhood Indicator - Crime The most frequently...

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Playgrounds: This is because one of the primary interests of this study is the growth and development of different racial/ethnic children. It is important to include a measure of resources which are particularly relevant to the health and development of young children. The practice of parents in high risk neighborhoods to restrict the outdoor activities of their children has been echoed in the work of others who have conducted ethnographic studies of urban neighborhoods (Brodsky, 1996; Furstenberg, 1993). Therefore, we decided to estimate a neighborhood indicator of the numbers of playgrounds that might be related to differences in parent monitoring behavior and differences in child development between neighborhoods.
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Unformatted text preview: Crime: The most frequently reported characteristic of neighborhoods based on observation is disorder, both physical and social. Physical disorder includes graffiti, trash, and vacant building; social disorder includes loitering adults, drug paraphernalia on the streets and prostitution. Because social disorder is difficult to measure, we will be limited to a measure of physical disorder. Physical disorder are associated with increased fear of crime as well as a perception of problems in the neighborhoods, loss of “confidence in the neighborhood” and the decline of “resident-based informal social controls.” Therefore, it is worth study....
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