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Minerals - Minerals 1 Intro a b c d e f g h Discovered...

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Minerals 1. Intro a. Discovered early 1600 in a letter (iron) b. First nutrient category to be discovered c. Guy scarped iron from knife into cup to drink d. All minerals are inorganic e. Easy to absorb chemically f. All are water friendly g. Required in small amounts daily h. Function varies 100 mg Major or Micro Minerals (7) Minor or Micro Minerals (Trace) (equally as important as major’s but needed in less quantities) 1. Calcium (Ca) = bone, teeth, clot blood. - disorder of have too little is called = osteoporosis 2. chloride (Cl)= electrolyte(s) - nerve impulses and function - hydrochloric acid to maintain pH level 3. Magnesium (Mg)= bone, teeth and nerve function 4. *Phosphorus (P)= principle minerals for bone and teeth - DNA (phosphate group connects strands for DNA) and RNA - without it, calcium is useless 5. Potassium (K)= important electrolyte, nerve impulse and transmission 6. Sodium (Na)= “” works together with potassium as a team of electrolytes, NaHCO3 7. Sulfur (S)= the structurine of proteins, reason why decomposing
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