Digestive System - a.ii.4.b. Which then transforms into...

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Digestive System 1. Mouth 2. Esophagus 3. Stomach 4. Pancreases 5. Small Intestine a. Duodenum a.i. Liver a.ii. Pancreas a.ii.1. NaHCO3 = Sodium, hydrogen, carbonate a.ii.1.a. Released into the intestine for neutralizing stomach acids a.ii.1.b. Stomach acid is at pH (1.5- 2.0) a.ii.1.b.i. Will not allow enzymes to work besides pepsin a.ii.1.c. Buffers HCL and Makes pH (7) a.ii.2. Amylase a.ii.2.a. Enzyme a.ii.2.b. Act upon starch into sugar a.ii.2.b.i. Sugar changes into maltose, a disaccharides a.ii.2.b.ii. Not small enough to be absorbed a.ii.2.b.iii. Releases maltase, an enzyme to change into simpler sugar a.ii.3. Lipase a.ii.3.a. Found in lunch meat a.ii.3.b. Used to hydrolyze lipid a.ii.3.c. When released into small intestine, finds lipids such as trigly. And friends, and converts them into glycerol and fatty acids a.ii.4. Protease a.ii.4.a. Finds proteins and converts them into amino acid clusters
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Unformatted text preview: a.ii.4.b. Which then transforms into amino acids a.iii. All glands are organs but not all organs glands a.iii.1. Glands produce secretion but not all organs a.iii.2. Ear = gland, eye =organ b. Rest of the small intestine b.i. 2 more parts b.i.1. Jejunum b.i.2. Ilium b.ii. Absorption b.ii.1. Starts with Diffusion: moving concentration from high to low b.ii.2. Ends with active transport (diffusion with energy) 6. Liver a. Chemical conversion a.i. Converts polysaccharides into monosaccharides a.ii. Helps detoxify a.ii.1. Alcohol a.ii.2. Caffeine a.iii. Used as storage 7. Large Intestine (colon) a. H2O Absorption (Simple sugars, minerals, vitamins) b. Formation of feces c. E. Coli c.i. Microorganisms (symbians) c.ii. Helps us by forming stools c.iii. Can make vitamin K to help clot blood 8. Anus...
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2012 for the course BIOL 1400 taught by Professor Professorr.slobodnik during the Fall '09 term at Macomb Community College.

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Digestive System - a.ii.4.b. Which then transforms into...

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