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Civil War - Maishoua Yang Notes Civil War 1 Civil war was...

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Maishoua Yang Notes Civil War 1. Civil war was due to an unresolved situations between our founding fathers in the 1800’s concerning the North and South and a. State rights b. Slavery 2. North and South began to separate in 1850 3. As Colonist move west and the country expands, questions are made of slave ownership and if laws of owning one would be able to spread throughout the west as well. 4. Mississippi Compromise a. Southerners disagreed, wants to bring slaves b. Slaves want to be free 5. Land was mostly owned by whites in the south so AA had no opportunity 6. Land in the north was free and had more of a advantage being independent and making a living 7. Economy in the south relied on cotton 8. Abolitionist Movement in 1859 a. John Brown was a hero in the north and was hated in the south b. After his last unsuccessful riot to abolish slavery at Harper’s Ferry, he was hanged 9. 1860 a. Republican Party (Northern Party) a.i. Major platform = slavery is wrong a.ii. Abraham Lincoln became new candidate for the party a.iii. No one in the south voted for Abraham a.iii.1. South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union due to the result of Abe becoming president, the Deep South soon followed. a.iii.2. Upper south was still unsure of what to do… (Virginia, Tennessee…etc.) and tried to bring back the south together but ended up seceding b. Inauguration in March b.i. President James Buchanan before Lincoln is not a good leader b.ii. He was a democratic b.iii. Half of his cabinet leaves him and he is left with no advisors b.iv. Military soldiers also leave so military falls short about one third 10. 1861 a. Lincoln calls troops to volunteer for military b. South secedes c. Charleston, South Carolina , c.i. was a hotbed of secession at the start of the American Civil War and an important Atlantic Ocean port city for the fledgling Confederate States of America . c.ii. The first shots of the Civil War were fired at a Federal ship entering Charleston Harbor. c.iii. Later, the bombardment of Fort Sumter triggered a massive call for Federal troops to put down the rebellion. Although the city and its surrounding fortifications were repeatedly targeted by the Union Army and Navy , Charleston did not fall to Federal forces until the last months of the war. d. Fort Sumter d.i. On April 10, 1861, Brig. Gen. Beauregard, in command of the provisional Confederate forces at Charleston, South Carolina, demanded the surrender of the Union garrison of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. d.ii. Garrison commander Anderson refused. d.iii. April 12, Confederate batteries opened fire on the fort, which was unable to reply effectively
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d.iv. April 13, Major Anderson surrendered Fort Sumter, evacuating the garrison on the following day. d.v. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War.
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