notes 4 - -carved stones to fit together-discovered beds...

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Art History 2300 1/18/12 Stonehenge - Stonehenger, Salisbury Plain, England - Megaliths: large singular stones - Construction took place in stages - Used to be one continual ring - Trilathons stacked on sarasens - Post- and-lintel system: 2 vertical posts with beam on top. Basic architecture - Why was it made? How was it used - Stones mark solstices and moonrises - In tune with astronomy - How was it constructed? - Only select individuals were chasm for burial at Stonehenge - Possibly circles created by royal families? - Timber circles also exist - Selecting sarsens may have been done as a spiritual process - Lots of speculation on how it was constructed but no solid evidence - possibly used stone and oak balls as wheels in a track
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Unformatted text preview: -carved stones to fit together-discovered beds where the stones were carved along with 50 hammer stones-axis of summer and winter solstices-possible: realm of stone belongs to ancestors (dead); perishables belong to realm of living-meeting place to connect with ancestors-timber structures associated with living (one exists 2 miles north of Stonehenge)-river=link to transport dead to Stonehenge from timber settlement Durrington-evidence of settlement, direct roads to rivers-location for special occasions, evidence of feasts-2 monuments are linked on solstices-Grooves in Stonehenge avenue to Avon River align with solstices. Could be why Stonehenge was built there...
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2012 for the course ARHI 2300 taught by Professor Kemling during the Spring '09 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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