CHILD DOMESTIC LABOUR INPAKISTAN: OVERVIEW, ISSUES AND TESTABLEHYPOTHESIS BY Sajjad Akhtar Saadiya Razzaq June 2005 CENTRE FOR RESEARCH ON POVERTY REDUCTION AND INCOME DISTRIBUTION (CRPRID) Ist Floor, P-Block, Pak Sectt. Islamabad Phone: 9202868 Fax: 9210254 Abstract There is a dearth of in-depth empirical and qualitative research about the childrenin domestic work in Pakistan. The children in domestic work are not recognizedas ‘child labour’ by society and by a number of governments, but rather as anormal feature of society. The objective of this paper is to present variousdimensions of this neglected segment within the child labour phenomena. Thepurpose is not only to highlight the similarities and differences in dimensionssuch as labour market characteristics and its arrangements, working conditions,violence, exploitation from the all inclusive and parent “child labour” category, butalso to spell out testable hypothesis that can be the basis for future datacollection and empirical analysis on the subject. Our premise is that the labourarrangements of child domestic worker in Pakistan are segmented along non-resident and resident. Thus working conditions, violence, exploitation anddynamics of demand and supply vary with this widely observed segmentation.Although legislations and action plans on child labour in Pakistan, do not includeany clause specifically on child domestic labour but the reality is that the vastmajority of children in domestic labour would find a place in one or more of thesecategories, either because of the nature of the work they are required to perform,the treatment they receive or the means by which they entered into the situationin which they find themselves. Paper also suggests some policy measures toreduce the incidence of child domestic labour and for their rehabilitation.
CHILD DOMESTIC LABOUR IN PAKISTAN: OVERVIEW, ISSUES AND TESTABLE HYPOTHESIS BY Sajjad Akhtar* Saadiya Razzaq 121. Introduction There is a dearth of in-depth empirical and qualitative research about the childrenin domestic work in Pakistan. Following are some of the reasons for the skeletonresearch: - First, almost every child domestic worker is employed in an individualand/or dependent capacity in different households. As a group, child domesticlabourers are invisible and difficult to reach and to count. Academically, they arealso implicitly subsumed in many child labour studies. Secondly, jobarrangements are informal and are made between the child’s parents, or anintermediary, and the employer. Thirdly, most of these jobs are neither registerednor do they form part of any system of official job registers, leading tounderestimation in labour force statistics. Fourthly, the variation of domestic workadds to the information gap. Conditions of work and rates of payment vary notonly from city to city but even within a city and even the same neighbourhood.