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CICS 301 Final Essay Questions

CICS 301 Final Essay Questions - Landmines pose a threat to...

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Landmines pose a threat to human security. Describe the different types and purposes of land mines and explain why there are still mines in the ground worldwide? Who are the victims of the landmines and what is being done to address this threat to human security? Antipersonnel mines aim to maim, not kill, because it costs more to treat a wounded soldier than take care of a dead one. Claymores and bounding-fragmentation mines Improvised Explosive devices are common roadside bombs that cause 64% of US Iraq War deaths. Purpose is to stop tank movement Minefields are laid by armies not to surprise, but to deny space or channelize opponent, as they are clearly labeled as minefields. Clusterbombs become landmines after they’re released but, for various reasons, undetonated. Landmines still exist because they were not well-marked when they were placed, or, in the case of clusterbombs, people don’t know where they landed in the first place. Meant to be hard to find – made without metal Most minefield victims are civilians in areas that are no longer at war. Landmines paced during WWI sometimes still cause deaths in parts of Europe and North Africa. They also hurt entire populations of people of a country because they hamper delivery of relief services, and injure or kill aid workers; also, people who have not been directly physically harmed by landmines can still be impacted by them because, even if there are no landmines in an area, just the fear that there might be will deter people from developing/farming on/living on entire areas of land. To protect people from landmines, the CCW was put into place, which consists of 5 protocols restricting the use of landmine-esque weaponry. However, it has only achieved varying degrees of success because it lacks specific mechanisms to ensure verification and enforce compliance. NGOs offer that only a complete ban of landmines would address the problem. The International Campaign to Ban Land Mines (ICBL) lobbies government to completely ban landmines, achieving the Mine Man Treaty that bans anti-personnel mines. Most countries have stopped the production of mines (US not included). There are humanitarian efforts to de-mine areas that already have mines, but it’s expensive and time-consuming and dangerous. Plants are being bred to detect landmines leaking nitrous oxide, bacterium engineered to glow under UV light in the presence of TNT could be sprayed over field to detect mines, mine detection dogs. Global day of action to ban cluster bombs. Cluster munitions coalition ban bombs. Oslo process bans cluster bombs.
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How does human trafficking today differ from the "old slavery” of the past? Compare and contrast their various elements. Describe and evaluate the evolving role that the state and other actors have played in slavery throughout history, from slavery’s historic origins up until today.
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