Ch15-Lung

Ch15-Lung - LUNGS LUNGS The LUNG Degenerative Inflammatory...

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Unformatted text preview: LUNGS LUNGS The LUNG Degenerative Inflammatory Neoplastic and Pleura LAB: (Review, Cases, and/or Virtual Microscopy) OVERVIEW Normal Anatomy and Histology Pathology Congenital Atalectasis Acute Pulmonary Injury Obstructive vs. Restrictive (infiltrative) concepts O bstructive P ulmonary D isease (C OPD ) Restrictive (Infiltrative) Pulmonary Disease Vascular Pulmonary Diseases OVERVIEW INFECTIONS NEOPLASMS and PLEURA (effusions, pneumothorax, tumors) WEIGHT LOBES SEGMENTS BRONCHI ARTERIES, pulmonary ARTERIES, bronchial VEINS PLEURA, visceral PLEURA, parietal NERVES Bronchi Bronchioles Terminal bronchioles Alveolar ducts Alveoli Type 1 pneumocytes Type 2 pneumocytes Macrophages Capillaries N O R M A L C X R OVERVIEW Pathology CONGENITAL Atalectasis Acute Pulmonary Injury Obstructive vs. Restrictive (infiltrative) concepts O bstructive P ulmonary D isease (C OPD ) Restrictive (Infiltrative) Pulmonary Disease Vascular Pulmonary Diseases CONGENITAL Agenesis/Hypoplasia Tracheal/bronchial anomalies, i.e., Tracheo-Esophageal (TE) fistula Vascular anomalies Congenital Emphysema Foregut cysts Pulmonary Artery Malformations (CPAM) Sequestration (no connection to airways) OVERVIEW Pathology Congenital ATALECTASIS Acute Pulmonary Injury Obstructive vs. Restrictive (infiltrative) concepts O bstructive P ulmonary D isease (C OPD ) Restrictive Pulmonary Disease Vascular Pulmonary Diseases ATALECTASIS INCOMPLETE EXPANSION COLLAPSE OVERVIEW Pathology Congenital Atalectasis ACUTE PULMONARY INJURY Pulmonary Edema ARDS ( D iffuse A lveolar D amage) Acute Interstitial Pneumonia Obstructive vs. Restrictive (infiltrative) concepts O bstructive P ulmonary D isease (C OPD ) Restrictive (Infiltrative) Pulmonary Disease Vascular Pulmonary Diseases PULMONARY EDEMA IN-creased venous pressure DE-creased oncotic pressure Lymphatic obstruction Alveolar injury ACUTE RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME ( ARDS or D.A.D ., i.e., Diffuse Alveolar Damage) (aka, SHOCK lung) NON-specific pattern of lung injury INFECTION PHYSICAL INJURY TOXIC CHEMICAL DIC ETC ARDS ACUTE INTERSTITIAL PNEUMONIA Think of it as ARDS with NO known etiology! OVERVIEW Pathology Congenital Atalectasis Acute Pulmonary Injury OBSTRUCTION vs. RESTRICTION O bstructive P ulmonary D isease (C OPD ) Restrictive (Infiltrative) Pulmonary Disease Vascular Pulmonary Diseases OBSTRUCTION v. RESTRICTION OBSTRUCTION Air or blood? Large or small?...
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2012 for the course PDBIO 305 taught by Professor Woods,a during the Fall '08 term at BYU.

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Ch15-Lung - LUNGS LUNGS The LUNG Degenerative Inflammatory...

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