04Constitution

04Constitution - American Government American Government...

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American Government Andersen American Government Lecture 4 - The Constitution
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American Government Andersen Philadelphia Convention Intended to reform, not rewrite Articles Delegates realize overhaul is needed • Lack the authority to do it • Convention proceeds in secret Take 5 months to draft a new document Balancing acts: Union of States vs. Union of People • States alone are not defendable against invasion • People alone do not view themselves as united Limited government that does no harm vs. Active government that protects the people from harm
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American Government Andersen Disagreement and Compromise Members frequently walked out Vote was by State, not member Few provisions of Constitution were unanimous Convention lacked consensus Disagreement over the power of central government Disagreement over the three branches Powers Restrictions Accountability Two major conflicts Great Compromise Three-Fifths Compromise
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American Government Andersen Great Compromise Debate over Representation Will government represent the States or their People? Virginia Plan (Edmund Randolph) Two Houses of Representation Based upon population of States and tax revenue Favored by Large States New Jersey Plan (William Patterson) Single House of Representation Equal Representation by State Favored by Small States
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American Government Andersen Great Compromise Nearly Ended the Union “a separation could never happen upon better grounds” “if the large States do not treat small ones justly, the small ones will find a foreign power who will” Connecticut (Great) Compromise Two Houses of Representation One based upon population House of Representatives by popular election • One based on equal State representation – Senate by State Legislature election
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American Government Andersen Three-Fifths Compromise Further arguments over Representation Representation by Citizenship vs. Representation by Population Who are the people that will be represented? Northern States argue for Citizenship Southern States argue for Population Demographics Slaves account for 30% of Southern population 90% of all Slaves were in the Southern States Slaves count as 3/5 of a Citizen Also, no discussion of slave trade for twenty years Too contentious
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04Constitution - American Government American Government...

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