03Foundations - American Government American Government...

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American Government Andersen American Government Lecture 3 – Foundations
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American Government Andersen Schedule Announcements Lecture 4 Readings Federalist 10 and 51 are on Sakai Lecture 2 Review Lecture 3 - Foundations
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American Government Andersen Lecture 2 Review Athenian Democracy Decisions should be made by the masses Deliberation makes a citizen Plato Everyone has a skill Government should identify and place people The “Gold” should rule Aristotle Anyone can be taught to be good Government should teach the people Form of government doesn’t matter Any form can be good for the people
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American Government Andersen Lecture 2 Review Roman Republicanism All interests should have a say in government Power needs to be checked by power Can make citizens through enticements Dark Ages Small scale monarchies reign, checked by Church Mass participation disappears Machiavelli Everyone wants power Rulers seek to stay in power Use all means necessary to do so Keeping citizens content aids that
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American Government Andersen Lecture 2 Review Hobbes Government is a necessary evil Social Contract exists between ruler and ruled “You protect me, I obey you” People just seek to survive Good government is strong government Locke People want more than survival Natural Rights Life, Liberty and Property Social Contract is binding If ruler fails to provide Natural Rights, people have a duty to rebel The power of rulers needs to be checked/balanced
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American Government Andersen Lecture 2 Review Montesquieu Provide citizen participation in governance Protects rulers from making unpopular decisions Separation of Powers Executive Legislative Judicial Rousseau The ruled always resent the rulers Strong rule is necessary to protect people Rebellion is inevitable Popular Sovereignty Ground all rule in the People Does NOT guarantee good governance Only prevents rebellion
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American Government Andersen American Foundations Combination of: Political Theory Practical Experience Unusual ability to form government Not conquest 30+ years of planning 13 “laboratories of democracy”
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American Government Andersen Colonization Religious Persecution in England Anglican Church dictated English Religion Religion was life Under control of the King Stable nobility held most land Wealth clustered into Aristocracy
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