02PolTheory

02PolTheory - American Government Lecture 2 Political...

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American Government Lecture 2 - Political Theory
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American Government Andersen Key Points from Lecture 1 Government is: How people agree to interact with each other, make decisions and resolve disputes Goals of government: Defense against Foreign Aggression Public Order Enforcement of Contracts and Property Rights Promote Stability
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American Government Andersen Review from Lecture 1 Forms of government By who rules Autocracy Oligarchy Democracy By how much power they have Totalitarian Authoritarian Constitutional
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American Government Andersen Review from Lecture 1 Trends Rule tends to expand from one to many Power tends to contract from total to limited American Government Constitutional government, with aspects of: Autocracy - President Oligarchy - Supreme Court Democracy - Congress
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American Government Andersen Political Theory How can people live together? In order to answer, you need to have some belief about what people are like Political Theory is all about Human Nature Human nature = what people are like How can we devise a government that achieves its goals, given human nature? So how are people viewed?
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American Government Andersen Historical Government Mainly Autocracy or Oligarchy Based on principles of force and might The strongest rule, the weakest serve Divine Right of Kings Goals of government are met Only for those on top Those on bottom get no consideration
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American Government Andersen Greece - Athens (600-322 BC) Democracy Demos - “the People” Kratein - “to rule” Democracy - “rule by the people” Rule not equal to voting Participation and discussion were paramount Citizenship vs. Idiocy Random selection of representation
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American Government Andersen Greece - Philosophy Plato/Socrates (428-348 BC)
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02PolTheory - American Government Lecture 2 Political...

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