Prison and Prisoners

Prison and Prisoners

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Prisonization Prison and Prisoners The Definition of a sentence: -“a punishment is an evil inflicted by a public authority on him that hath done or omitted that which is judged by the same authority to a be a transgression of the law, to the end that the will of men may thereby the better be disposed to obedience.” -Thomas Hobbs Donald Clemmer – Prisonization definition: the taking on to greater or lesser degree the folkways, mores, and culture of the penitentiary. The Significance of Prisonization -the only theory to stand the test of time -it explains the success of prisons controlling convicts -it helps explain the failure of convicts during the final 90 days of their incarceration -it helps explain the failure of convicts following release from prison *Prisonization was an unintended consequence of the Quakers What is Prisonization? A process that ensures each convict: Accepts the culture Conforms to culture Maintains conformity to the culture Can successfully walk the line between both convicts and custody Can successfully survive their incarceration -it is not institutionalization The Significance of Convict Criminology -tough on Crime vs. Smart on Crime -Dr. Stephen Richards From -The American Society of Criminology – Radical Criminology – Convict Criminology Who are the Convict Criminologists? Ex-Convicts with Ph.D.’s Non-convicts with Ph.D.’s They emphasize the need to study prisons, correction from the inside out They support ex-convicts seeking to achieve the Ph.D. Convict Criminologists Propose A return to the study of Prisonization Israel Barak-Glantz The Convict autobiography – an ethnographic resource Clemmer’s Ten Pages -an idea he may not have realized he had -we are still building on it Where are we now? -it is a process -helpful inside -harmful outside Prisonization Stages Stage 1 – Separation -defined: the physical structure of the prison separates the convict from the outside world
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-how does the prisoner arrive at the prison? -what is it like to be chained and surrounded by armed guards? -what is significant moment? -the slamming of the door -what is the convict thinking about? -what is he noticing? Stage 2 – Substitution This is another brief moment Defined: the physical elements with which an individual establishes their societal identity is exchanged for those that immediately establish the individual as a convict – a member of the prison population. Walk and Talk – you walk around the prison and talk and it is from what you hear and say. *Angola is a total institution -first prison system in country with hospice care. -provides everything for all prisoners. At least 85% die there Stage 3 – Reception -Sometimes called quarantine CRAF- central reception and assessment facility also referred to as classification- located in Trenton Most states only have prison used for reception Assessmen t- go through same routine Described: the environment is designed to control the convict Environment limits personal resistance to
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2012 for the course CRIMINAL J 202 taught by Professor Kohl during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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Prison and Prisoners

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