chapter01 - Conceptual Foundations: Conceptual What is...

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Unformatted text preview: Conceptual Foundations: Conceptual What is Communication and Why Theorize About It… o o o o Why Study Communication? Concern since antiquity Recent “revolution”. Ex Occupy Wall street how various groups are using messages, social networking messages, Pervasive… it is everywhere Pervasive… Consequential…what people say matters. Gets us what we want, or may get us in trouble. Whether positive or negative in Ex. Of major consequential: advertising, political debates, international relations o Thus, we seek to understand it, in part through the use of “theory” o o o o • Defining Communication You know it when you see it, but… Book definition: “process by which people interactively create, sustain, and manage meaning” (Conrad & Poole, 1998) meaning” Definitions have varied substantially over the years Over time, points of convergence and points of divergence have emerged Over convergence divergence • Convergence Points o Communication is a continuous and complex process not easily isolated Communication process • Not usually very linear, more complex….ongoing Not o Communication is transactional because of simultaneous influence and context Communication transactional • Not just action or even interaction, everyone is a part of the communication process ex. Sending, communication receiver receiver o Communication is symbolic: symbols stand for referents Communication symbolic • Shared symbolic meaning is possible ex. Language, symbols, non -verbal symbols, o o o o • Divergence Points Does it have to be intentional to count? Does intentional • Source- vs. receiver- vs. message-based views Source• Verbal vs. nonverbal behavior Verbal • Mindful vs. mindless communication Can we have intrapersonal communication? Can intrapersonal • Maybe, but pragmatic and social ideas are key Transmission vs. constitutive models Does it have to accomplish its goal? Does • Beyond Definitions o Can consider domains where it is used and studied: • Sub-disciplines in field based on level of analysis, process Sub-disciplines level process studied, or context context • Similar divisions in everyday interaction o Can consider “competence” issues Effectiveness Appropriateness • Ethics • Ethical Communication o National Communication Association: Key Parts of Credo o We advocate truthfulness, accuracy, honesty, and reason We We endorse freedom of expression, diversity of perspective, and tolerance of dissent tolerance We strive to understand and respect other communicators We We promote access to communication resources and opportunities as necessary to fulfill human potential as We promote communication climates of caring and mutual understanding We condemn communication that degrades individuals and humanity through distortion, intimidation, coercion, and violence, We are committed to the courageous expression of personal convictions We advocate sharing information, opinions, and feelings when facing significant choices while also respecting privacy and facing confidentiality. We accept responsibility for the short- and long-term consequences of our own communication of • Communication Inquiry o Inquiry is the “systematic study of experience that leads to understanding and knowledge” (Littlejohn, 2001) knowledge” • Moves beyond every day, common experience o Three parts: • Asking questions • Making observations • Constructing answers o Theory shapes and is shaped by this process ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/26/2012 for the course COMM 200 taught by Professor Theiss during the Spring '07 term at Rutgers.

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