DM_Low+carb_Student - Diabetes Chapters 4 and 18 What is...

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Diabetes Chapters 4 and 18
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What is Diabetes Mellitus (DM)? Characterized by _high blood glucose_levels (hyperglycemia) & abnormal _insulin_ metabolism _Insufficient_insulin _Ineffective_ insulin Combination of above #6 leading cause of death in US
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Prevalence Affects >20 million people in US >_6 million_of those affected unaware Drastic increase in incidence over past _decade_ As many as 41 million adults have prediabetes
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Insulin Functions After meal, insulin signals cells to _take up nutrients from blood_ Maintains blood glucose balance_ Stimulates protein, glycogen, and fat _synthesis__ Triggers _appetite suppression__
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Insulin resistance Primary defect in _Type II diabetes_ _Obesity__increases risk drastically Muscle, adipose and liver cells less _sensitive_ to insulin Increased insulin production _hyperinsulinemia_ Eventually pancreas_ secretion impaired
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Dietary recommendations Consistent _CHO_content
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DM_Low+carb_Student - Diabetes Chapters 4 and 18 What is...

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